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Another project have been completed by me this year.
Since the sister company (formerly I maintain) moved to hyperconverged Nutanix and used Acropolis as its hypervisor, there is a SAP R / 3 4.7 ext 200 system running on HP rx4640 machine with HPUX 11.23 OS and Oracle 9.2 database server that must be migrated to a Nutanix machine . HP rx4640 machine is not extended maintenance support. While the system, SAP R / 3 4.7 ext 200 is also not supported by SAP both SAP instance and database server.
Target using Linux OS SLES 11 SP4 and DB2 database server 9.7 FP 5.
Broadly speaking the migration process is :
– Export existing data in SAP R / 3 4.7 ext 200 on HPUX source machine
– Install DB2 9.7 database server on target Linux
– Install Central Instance on Linux target
– Install Database instance in Linux target by selecting System Copy and export result (process no.1) as imported data.
The export process runs smoothly. Problems begin to emerge during process no.4 of them:
The process of database load had stopped because the file system is full sapdata. Solution: extend the sapdata partition and the file system
The database load process was stopped again because the file system is a full archive log. Solution: extend the partition and add the number of LOGARCHIVE second files.
After the import process is complete, there are still more problems that arise, the SAP kernel 6.40 used does not recognize the linux 3.0 kernel (used SLES 11 SP 4) and DB2 9.7 database. The solution is download the latest version of SAP kernel 6.40 EX2 patch (version 414).
Project un-official SAP OSDB migration done by un-certified Base like me
Here is a list of SAP executables that you may find on your SAP systems. If you know of SAP exe files missing in from list, please leave a comment:
R3check This is a tool that can check Cluster-Tables for errors.
R3ldctl The tool for exporting all table structures to the file system during an OS/DB-Migration.
R3load The table import & export tool of SAP during Installation, Upgrade and Migration.
R3szchk The tool for determine the sizes of the different tables in the target database during the import in an OS/DB-Migration.
R3ta Split large tables for export and import
R3trans This is the tool, that does the real work for tp. tp controls the import and export of changes and r3trans does them using scripts, that were generated from tp.
R3trans_164-20000978.SAR R3trans_164-20000978.SAR’ is a compressed archive with the latest version of R3trans from the SAP Service Marketplace, used when we patched the kernel.
SAPCAR SAP Compression and Archiving program (more…)
You may have read that the last release of DB2 (8.2.2) was specifically Optimized for SAP. What exactly does that mean? Well in this and the next few postings I’ll describe exactly what new features were in 8.2.2 and how, if you are using SAP (and even if you are not), you can take advantage of these new features.
The first is what I like to call the One SAP Knob.
If you administer an SAP database then you likely know that there are a number of settings SAP strongly recommends that you set. This is not a big issue when you initially get started but as new versions of DB2 and/or SAP come out it can be a burden to read through all the release notes to find out what new registry variables should be set and/or what changes to existing registry variables should be made. Well if you are on 8.2.2 your life has just gotten easier. You can turn the SAP Knob to the ON position and forget about it. What do I mean? Well there is a new registry variable in DB2 8.2.2 called DB2_WORKLOAD. If you run
this will automatically set a number of registry variables based on what IBM and SAP have determined to be the optimal settings. Think of this as a parent setting which takes care of all the children registry variables underneath it. If a future fixpack of DB2 or release of SAP has new or more optimal (if that’s even correct grammar) registry settings, DB2 will automatically adjust them as long as the DB2_WORKLOAD setting is set to SAP. If you want to see what registry variables are controlled by the DB2_WORKLOAD variable, you can run
db2set -gd DB2_WORKLOAD=SAP
and you will see a list of 17 registry variables and their settings, specifically designed in cooperation with SAP to tune DB2 optimally for an SAP workload.
This section discusses HP’s Virtual Server Environment (VSE) as well as vPars, nPartitions, and IVMs.
HP’s VSE is the front-end for HP’s overall virtualization strategies. VSE itself contains several elements, including a workload management tool and advanced manageability software. The workload management feature lets you draw from spare capacity, which is available on a pay-per-use basis. This is similar in many respects to IBM’s Capacity on Demand. Further, HP Global Workload Manager (gWLM) provides intelligent policy engines that allow for automatically adjusting the workloads to increase server utilization. It also comes with a product called HP Capacity Advisor, which helps you simulate various workload scenarios and is similar in many ways to IBM’s System workload Estimator (WLE), which ships with their System Planning Tool. The VSE also lets you partition in several ways, with hard and soft partitions, as well as HP Virtual machines, partitions, and secure resource partitions. HP describes their virtualization/partitioning solutions as their partitioning continuum. Available partitioning includes:
- nPartitions offers true electrical isolation as well as cell granularity. nPartitions are based on hard partitions, which were first introduced by HP in 2000 and offer greater fault isolation than soft partitions. nPartitions let you service one partition while others are online, which is similar to IBM’s logical partitioning, though systems require a reboot when moving cells from one partition to another. It’s important to note that while nPartitions support HP-UX, Windows®, VMS, and Linux, they only do so on their Itanium processor, not on their HP9000 PA Risc architecture. Partition scalability also depends on the operating system running in the nPartition. Another downside is that entry-level servers do not support this technology — only HP9000 and Integrity High End and Midrange servers. They also do not support moving resources to and from other partitions without a reboot.
- vPars are separate operating system instances on the same nPartition or server. This offering lets you dynamically move either CPU or memory resources between partitions as the workload requirements change. They also give you the ability to run multiple copies of HP-UX on the same hardware. Using vPars, you can move CPUs to other running partitions, similar to PowerVM and the System p. What you can’t do with vPars is share resources, because there is no virtualized layer in which to manage the interface between the hardware and the operating systems. This is one reason why performance overhead is limited, a feature that HP will market without discussing its clear limitations. The scalability is also restricted as to the nPartition that the vPar is created on, the max being an 8 cell limitation. There is also limited workload support; resources cannot be added or removed. Finally, vPars also don’t let you share resources between partitions, nor can you dynamically allocate processing resources between partitions.
- Integrity Virtual Machines (IVMs) are separate guest instances on the same nPartition with different operating system versions and users in a fully isolated environment. First introduced in 2005, they allow for a partition to have its own full copy of the operating system. Within this copy, the virtual machines share the resources. This is similar in many ways to IBM’s PowerVM, as there is granularity for CPUs and I/O device sharing. The granularity actually beats PowerVM because you can have up to 1/20 of a micropartition; the System p allows for only 1/10 of a CPU. The downside here is scalability. With HP’s virtual machines there is a 4 CPU limitation and RAM limitation of 64 GB. Reboots are also required to add processors or memory. There is no support for features such as uncapped partitions or shared processor pools. Finally, it’s important to note that HP PA RISC servers are not supported; only Integrity servers are supported. Virtual storage adapters also cannot be moved, unless the virtual machines are shut down. You also cannot dedicate processing resources to a single partition.
- Resource Partitions are created from the HP Process resource manager and allow resources for specific applications within a single operating system. This is also a resource management tool, which lets you manage CPU, memory, and disk bandwidth. It allows minimum allocations of CPUs, and even lets you cap a CPU by group. In many ways, this is similar to a Solaris container or AIX WPAR in that it lets you have several applications residing in one copy of HP-UX. This feature has been available since HP-UX 9.0.
With release 4.1, HP-UX now lets you have online workload migration, available on Integrity Virtual machines only. This is similar to AIX’s Live Application mobility. The March 2009 release, Version HP-UX 11iv3, also provides several enhancements, including the new
parconfig command, which provides help for the recommended configuration of nPartitions. It also provides support for accelerated virtual I/O (AVIO) for networking on Windows and Linux guests, which gives clients up to a two-fold improvement in throughput over older virtualized storage3 and integrity solutions, as well as a 60% reduction in service demand. It consists of two components: an Integrity VM host and a VM Guest component.
For more info, just go to HP website (http://www.hp.com).
I am offering Remote SAP Basis Support and Service to your company. No matter your company have dedicated SAP Basis or not, we can help you. Your company could hire me as Remote SAP Basis.
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