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Un-officially SAP OSDB Migration Project done !!


Another project have been completed by me this year.

Since the sister company (formerly I maintain) moved to hyperconverged Nutanix and used Acropolis as its hypervisor, there is a SAP R / 3 4.7 ext 200 system running on HP rx4640 machine with HPUX 11.23 OS and Oracle 9.2 database server that must be migrated to a Nutanix machine . HP rx4640 machine is not extended maintenance support. While the system, SAP R / 3 4.7 ext 200 is also not supported by SAP both SAP instance and database server.

Target using Linux OS SLES 11 SP4 and DB2 database server 9.7 FP 5.

Broadly speaking the migration process is :

    – Export existing data in SAP R / 3 4.7 ext 200 on HPUX source machine
Install DB2 9.7 database server on target Linux
Install Central Instance on Linux target
Install Database instance in Linux target by selecting System Copy and export result (process no.1) as imported data.

The export process runs smoothly. Problems begin to emerge during process no.4 of them:

The process of database load had stopped because the file system is full sapdata. Solution: extend the sapdata partition and the file system
The database load process was stopped again because the file system is a full archive log. Solution: extend the partition and add the number of LOGARCHIVE second files.

After the import process is complete, there are still more problems that arise, the SAP kernel 6.40 used does not recognize the linux 3.0 kernel (used SLES 11 SP 4) and DB2 9.7 database. The solution is download the latest version of SAP kernel 6.40 EX2 patch (version 414).

Project un-official SAP OSDB migration done by un-certified Base like me

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Virtualization on HP


This section discusses HP’s Virtual Server Environment (VSE) as well as vPars, nPartitions, and IVMs.

HP’s VSE is the front-end for HP’s overall virtualization strategies. VSE itself contains several elements, including a workload management tool and advanced manageability software. The workload management feature lets you draw from spare capacity, which is available on a pay-per-use basis. This is similar in many respects to IBM’s Capacity on Demand. Further, HP Global Workload Manager (gWLM) provides intelligent policy engines that allow for automatically adjusting the workloads to increase server utilization. It also comes with a product called HP Capacity Advisor, which helps you simulate various workload scenarios and is similar in many ways to IBM’s System workload Estimator (WLE), which ships with their System Planning Tool. The VSE also lets you partition in several ways, with hard and soft partitions, as well as HP Virtual machines, partitions, and secure resource partitions. HP describes their virtualization/partitioning solutions as their partitioning continuum. Available partitioning includes:

  • nPartitions offers true electrical isolation as well as cell granularity. nPartitions are based on hard partitions, which were first introduced by HP in 2000 and offer greater fault isolation than soft partitions. nPartitions let you service one partition while others are online, which is similar to IBM’s logical partitioning, though systems require a reboot when moving cells from one partition to another. It’s important to note that while nPartitions support HP-UX, Windows®, VMS, and Linux, they only do so on their Itanium processor, not on their HP9000 PA Risc architecture. Partition scalability also depends on the operating system running in the nPartition. Another downside is that entry-level servers do not support this technology — only HP9000 and Integrity High End and Midrange servers. They also do not support moving resources to and from other partitions without a reboot.
  • vPars are separate operating system instances on the same nPartition or server. This offering lets you dynamically move either CPU or memory resources between partitions as the workload requirements change. They also give you the ability to run multiple copies of HP-UX on the same hardware. Using vPars, you can move CPUs to other running partitions, similar to PowerVM and the System p. What you can’t do with vPars is share resources, because there is no virtualized layer in which to manage the interface between the hardware and the operating systems. This is one reason why performance overhead is limited, a feature that HP will market without discussing its clear limitations. The scalability is also restricted as to the nPartition that the vPar is created on, the max being an 8 cell limitation. There is also limited workload support; resources cannot be added or removed. Finally, vPars also don’t let you share resources between partitions, nor can you dynamically allocate processing resources between partitions.
  • Integrity Virtual Machines (IVMs) are separate guest instances on the same nPartition with different operating system versions and users in a fully isolated environment. First introduced in 2005, they allow for a partition to have its own full copy of the operating system. Within this copy, the virtual machines share the resources. This is similar in many ways to IBM’s PowerVM, as there is granularity for CPUs and I/O device sharing. The granularity actually beats PowerVM because you can have up to 1/20 of a micropartition; the System p allows for only 1/10 of a CPU. The downside here is scalability. With HP’s virtual machines there is a 4 CPU limitation and RAM limitation of 64 GB. Reboots are also required to add processors or memory. There is no support for features such as uncapped partitions or shared processor pools. Finally, it’s important to note that HP PA RISC servers are not supported; only Integrity servers are supported. Virtual storage adapters also cannot be moved, unless the virtual machines are shut down. You also cannot dedicate processing resources to a single partition.
  • Resource Partitions are created from the HP Process resource manager and allow resources for specific applications within a single operating system. This is also a resource management tool, which lets you manage CPU, memory, and disk bandwidth. It allows minimum allocations of CPUs, and even lets you cap a CPU by group. In many ways, this is similar to a Solaris container or AIX WPAR in that it lets you have several applications residing in one copy of HP-UX. This feature has been available since HP-UX 9.0.

New features for HP-UX in 2009

With release 4.1, HP-UX now lets you have online workload migration, available on Integrity Virtual machines only. This is similar to AIX’s Live Application mobility. The March 2009 release, Version HP-UX 11iv3, also provides several enhancements, including the new parconfig command, which provides help for the recommended configuration of nPartitions. It also provides support for accelerated virtual I/O (AVIO) for networking on Windows and Linux guests, which gives clients up to a two-fold improvement in throughput over older virtualized storage3 and integrity solutions, as well as a 60% reduction in service demand. It consists of two components: an Integrity VM host and a VM Guest component.

For more info, just go to HP website (http://www.hp.com).